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There is much more to explore in our calendar. Find other important events in literary history, authors' birthdays, and a variety of holidays, each with related lessons and resources.
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Author Gabriel García Márquez was born on this day.
|Grades||7 – 12|
|Calendar Activity Type||Author & Text|
One of the most popular Latin American authors, García Márquez was raised by his grandparents in a house in Colombia which was always overflowing with relatives and stories. His grandfather, a retired colonel, told him stories of the brutality of war, while his grandmother told him folk tales filled with ghosts and superstition. This mix may have contributed to the development of his style often called "magical realism," popularized in his novel, One Hundred Years of Solitude.
Before beginning a work by García Márquez, introduce your students to some of the hallmarks of the literary style known as magical realism by exploring what it is not, through comparisons with familiar genres that also use unrealistic elements: fantasy, science fiction, and fairy tales.
- Ask students to form groups to participate in a collaborative creative writing activity. Each group will narrate the same event, but they will do so in different genres: fantasy, science fiction, and fairy tale.
- Read the events/prompt aloud: "A man is killed. His mother finds the body and begins preparations for his burial."
- Encourage students to be creative in their responses, but to follow the conventions of their genre. Then ask students to share their responses. Discuss the genre elements their creative depictions display and talk about what these genres have in common and what they do not.
- Read from One Hundred Years of Solitude the scene in which José Arcadio is shot and his body discovered by Úrsula (Chapter 7, beginning at "One September afternoon" through "with a shell of concrete"). Have students compare the depiction from the novel to the ones they created. How is magical realism similar and different from the genres with which they are already familiar?
- Gabriel García Márquez
This huge collection from The Modern World contains information about the author's life, influences, and work. It also includes a first-rate explanation of magical realism.
- The Nobel Prize in Literature 1982
The Nobel Museum creates excellent websites for all of the laureates, and this one contains García Márquez's acceptance speech and links to other resources.
- A World of Magic
Visit the following list of magical realism texts from throughout the world.
Grades 3 – 6 | Lesson Plan | Standard Lesson
Groups of students read and discuss American folklore stories, each group reading a different story. Using a jigsaw strategy, the groups compare character traits and main plot points of the stories. A diverse selection of American folk tales is used for this lesson, which is adaptable to any text set.
Grades 2 – 4 | Lesson Plan | Unit
Students explore their towns' landmarks, symbols, and people; look at brochures and other informational tools; practice writing for a specific audience and revising; and work collaboratively to create a brochure.
Grades 9 – 12 | Lesson Plan | Standard Lesson
Students consider Shakespearean literature to be or not to be useful in a modern context when they analyze the relationship between text and reader interpretation.
Grades 5 – 9 | Lesson Plan | Standard Lesson
Students read and analyze fairy tales from several cultures, identifying common elements. Choosing common situations, students write original fairy tales, using picture books as models and a peer review process.