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Lesson Plan

Animal Study: From Fiction to Facts

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Animal Study: From Fiction to Facts

Grades K – 2
Lesson Plan Type Standard Lesson
Estimated Time Five 50-minute sessions
Lesson Author

Renee Goularte

Renee Goularte

Magalia, California


National Council of Teachers of English


Materials and Technology

Student Interactives






  • Chart paper and markers

  • Parent or other adult helpers

  • A set of books including both fiction and nonfiction texts featuring the same animal. The specific animal and books chosen will depend on availability and should reflect student interests. Examples of text sets are available. As presented, the lesson uses the following three books:

    • Two Bad Ants by Chris Van Allsburg (fiction)

    • One Hundred Hungry Ants by Bonnie MacKain (fiction)

    • Armies of Ants by Walter Retan (nonfiction)

    • Alternatively, students can create the text sets by doing a book sorting activity and one animal can be chosen for whole class study.

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Animal Inquiry

Grades   3 – 6  |  Student Interactive  |  Inquiry & Analysis

Animal Inquiry

Supporting inquiry-based research projects, the Animal Inquiry interactive invites elementary students to explore animal facts and habitats using writing prompts to guide and record their findings.


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  • Gather the fiction and nonfiction books for the project. See the booklist for suggested titles.

  • Prepare two charts, one headed with "What We Think about Ants" and the other "What We Know about Ants" (or customized for the animal that you've chosen).

  • Test the Animal Inquiry interactive graphic organizer on your computers to familiarize yourself with the tool and ensure that you have the Flash plug-in installed. You can download the plug-in from the technical support page.

  • Arrange for adult helpers (or older students) to help your students explore the Internet sites from the Internet Quest: Ants! webpage (or one of the other Internet Quests focused on another animal).

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