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A Biography Study: Using Role-Play to Explore Authors' Lives
|Grades||9 – 12|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Seven to ten 50-minute sessions|
- Learn about important American authors by researching their lives and sharing research with peers
- Develop research and inquiry skills by researching an author's life, examining the impact of culture on the author's life, and evaluating biographical material for bias, embellishments, or deletions
- Improve their communication skills by presenting an author to the class, listening to other students present their authors, and working collaboratively in groups to plan panel discussions
- Enhance their use of technology by using the Internet to research an author, post a written report, and prepare supplemental visuals to complement their panel presentations
- Improve their critical reading skills by evaluating websites and resource materials for accuracy and selecting information to include in their presentations
- Improve their writing skills by researching an American author, writing a brief report, and peer editing and revising their work
|1.||Have the class brainstorm a list of American authors from your prior readings, along with any other American authors that they would like to include.
|2.||Ask each student to select one author to research. Be sure that there are no duplications within a class. As students make their selections, have them sign-up on your master list.
|3.||Have students visit the school library or media center to find and select biographies on their authors, or provide a list of preapproved biographies from which students can choose.
|4.||Direct students to begin a K-W-L-S Chart, filling out what they know about the author and what they want to know. [While reading the biographies and researching their authors, they will continue filling out this chart with what they learned and what they still want to know.]
|5.||Hand out and discuss the American Authors: Biography Assignment Sheet, previewing the project and supplying dates for the author mixer and panel presentations.
|1.||Instruct each student to keep a log while reading the biography to include important details about the author's life, interesting incidents, and at least five favorite quotes. [Logs should be collected and reviewed three times during the time allotted for reading the biographies.]
|2.||Remind students to continue updating their K-W-L-S Charts with information they learned and still want to know while reading.
|3.||Direct students to create timelines of the authors' lives. Distribute and review the Timeline Rubric to make sure that students understand your expectations for this part of the project. They should begin by taking notes on key events, and then use the interactive Timeline Tool to arrange the information on a graphic organizer. The finished timeline should be printed and brought in on the day of the author mixer.
|4.||Each student will need to create a visual display for his or her author. While reading, they can begin working on this part of the project by reviewing the Biography Project Suggestions and beginning to compile their materials. The visual display will need to be completed and used as part of the panel presentation.
|5.||Students should begin thinking about how they will portray their authors with costumes or props during the author mixer and panel presentation.
|6.||Students should begin supplemental research on their authors using the Internet. Depending on the students' technology level, this research may be done at home or in the media center or computer lab with guided assistance. Possible websites to explore include:
|7.||Student will write biopoems about their authors (see the How to Write a Biopoem sheet) and complete the Biography Project Discussion Questions for use later in the lesson when meeting with their groups about the panel presentation.
|1.||When the biography readings, timelines, and logs are complete, remind students of the author mixer.
|2.||Have the class meet in a room with plenty of space for students to walk around and mingle. Remind students to stay "in character" throughout the session. As they greet each other, they should introduce themselves as the authors, and then either quote a few significant passages or give brief information about their authors. [Note: Birth and death dates or other "dry" data should not be used during the author mixer.]
|3.||Allow students to mingle in this way for a few minutes and then call "freeze," at which time students should pair up with another author and discuss one or more of the following questions:
|4.||After each author has shared for 1 to 2 minutes, students can begin to mingle again until they are told to "freeze." Each time the class "freezes," students must find a different author partner.
|5.||Allow a full session for this activity, or as long as it takes for students to "meet and greet" all of the other authors.
|1.||After the author mixer, instruct students to gather in groups of four to five students each (depending on class size), with other authors that they would like to learn more about or that their authors would find intriguing or controversial.
|2.||Have students in each group read aloud their biopoems and use the previously completed biography project discussion questions and timelines to share additional information about their authors. [Collect and display the biopoems and timelines on an "author wall."]
|3.||Distribute the Author Panel Presentation Rubric and review the expectations for this part of the project. Ask students if they have any questions before beginning work in their groups.
|4.||Students should work together in their groups to prepare scripts to use during their panel presentations (see the Guidelines for Preparing a Script for the Panel Discussion). Scripts will be collected after the presentation.
|5.||Assist groups in developing questions or topics that their authors can respond to during the panel presentation. Groups may elect to focus their discussion on a single issue such as "freedom and slavery" or the "American dream," revealing each author's attitude toward that topic. Other possible themed panel topics include:
|6.||Have each group designate one author as the host for the "show," with the other authors appearing as guests.
|7.||On the day of the presentation, students should bring their costumes or props to again portray their authors. Set up desks at the front of the room for the presenting authors to sit, and ask the "audience" to take notes on each author as the presentations are given. For further involvement, you may have students in the "audience" use a graphic organizer to compare and show relationships between authors and ideas. In addition, have students display their visuals on the "author wall" or set up an area for students to arrange their projects so that others can see them.
Have each student write a brief biographical sketch about his or her author. The essays on the U.S. Literary Map Project website can serve as models for students' work. Allow students to explore the site, but also provide them with guidelines for their assignment (i.e., the Essay Rubric), since the online samples vary in length and content. You might ask students to write their essays as if they were going to submit them to the site.
While writing of the essay can be done for homework, set aside part of one class session for peer editing. Students should use the Peer-Editing Sheet and the Essay Rubric to guide their evaluations. A final copy of each essay should be submitted both electronically and as a hard copy. After you review the essays and have students make any further revisions, as needed, upload them to the website per the instructions provided.
As extensions to this project, you can have students use the online Bio-Cube tool to summarize what they have learned about their authors. They can then:
- Write a more formal research paper on the author
- Present their information in other dramatic ways, such as by acting out an exciting scene in the person's life or telling the story dressed as the person
- Prepare a slide show or PowerPoint presentation on the author
- Read and report on a book written by the author
- Write a poem or song about the person's life
- Script a news program about the person's life
- Write a letter to the editor persuading the public about an issue that was significant in the person's life
- Write a children's version of the person's life
- Use the Timeline Rubric, Essay Rubric, and Author Panel Presentation Rubric to assess the student's work during the lesson. Several rubrics are available at Bridging the Gap: Group Work Rubrics and Checklists for assessing group work. Rubistar can also be used to find or create rubrics for this lesson.
- Periodically evaluate the reading logs, K-W-L-S charts, and notes to ensure that students are completing the project as expected.
- Teacher observation should also be a part of the assessment for this lesson. Watch to see that groups are working equitably on their panel presentations and are not wasting time. You will also want to observe students during the author mixer to gauge their interactions with one another and knowledge of the authors they have been researching.
- Self- and peer-editing should be used for the written essay (see Peer-Editing Sheet).