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Get Cooking With Words! Creating a Recipe Using Procedural Writing
|Grades||3 – 5|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Five 45-minute sessions|
- Demonstrate an understanding of the function and range of the contexts of procedural writing
- Apply an appropriate procedural framework and order to a piece of writing
- Formulate in writing explicit instructions for a sequence of steps needed to complete a task
- Use appropriate nouns, verbs, adjectives, and linking words throughout a procedure
|1.||Introduce the concept of word choice to students. Explain that this is the use of interesting, creative, and effective vocabulary or words in a piece of writing. Ask students to provide their idea of word choice by asking specific questions.
|2.||Tell students you are going to read the story Hello, Harvest Moon by Ralph Fletcher. Ask students to think about effective nouns, verbs, and adjectives that the author uses throughout the story. Tell students that they should be able to provide an explanation for their answers. Possible questions include:
|3.||Read the story to students and discuss the nouns, verbs, and adjectives that students choose as effective words used by the author. List these nouns, verbs, and adjectives and the book's title on the chart paper you have prepared.
|4.||Conclude the session by reading all of the students' choices listed on the chart paper as a whole group.|
|1.||Review what word choice means and have students reiterate their understanding of this writing trait. Tell students that they will be working in small groups to review and develop a better understanding of good word choice in pieces of writing. You can determine the number of students in each group, which typically should range from three to five students. Students should be grouped heterogeneously to allow for a variety of reading and writing levels in each group.
|2.||Assign one of the following books to each group of students:
|3.||Tell students to select one group member to be the reader and another member to be the recorder, and that the rest of the group members will be the word finders. You could also have students share the roles of reader, recorder, and word finders.
|4.||After the story has been read, students should use the Word Choice handout to record their information and word choices (i.e., group members, book title, author, nouns, verbs, and adjectives).
|5.||At the end of the session, have groups share their findings with the whole class by providing some background on the book they read, and some of the words they chose to include on their list, along with a rationale for choosing those words.|
|1.||Remind students that writing involves choosing the best words to communicate ideas so that the reader will understand an author's message. Then explain that some writing involves telling the reader how to do something or how to make something. With that groundwork laid, you can move on to the concept of a procedure, or a procedural piece of writing. Examples of procedures are recipes, rules for games or sports, science experiments, and how-to guides.
|2.||Explain to students that there are several important components to a procedure; these include a purpose, materials or ingredients, steps, and a conclusion. List the elements on chart paper and make sure that students understand what they are.
|3.||Read the story Stone Soup by Marcia Brown to the class and ask them to listen for all of the components of a procedure throughout the story. After reading the story, ask students what type of procedure was used (making a recipe for stone soup).
|4.||Guide the students step by step through the process of writing a procedure (recipe) for making stone soup.
|5.||Read over the stone soup recipe as a whole class, with the teacher and students reading aloud together, to solidify students' understanding of the connection between word choice and procedural writing.|
Note: If you do not have classroom computers with Internet access, this session should take place in your school's computer lab.
|1.||Set up the LCD projector and prepare all computers so that students can access Disney FamilyFun: Cooking With Kids.
|2.||Using the LCD projector, guide students through the various links on the website to view different recipes. Remind students to look for the components of a procedure when viewing the recipes, as well as effective word choice. Because this is a fun, kid- friendly website, students should be able to easily identify creative and interesting vocabulary in the recipes. Write the words on a piece of chart paper.
Read an excerpt from Macbeth for Kids by Lois Burdett. Much like the recipes website, this excerpt demonstrates a different, more imaginative spin on writing a procedure:
|2.||Tell students that they are now going to develop their own recipes, either real or fictional, following the guidelines of procedural writing and employing appropriate word choice.
|3.||Place a copy of the Procedure and Word Choice Rubric on an overhead and read it with the class, highlighting each area being assessed in the students' recipes. While going over the rubric, also highlight key words within each of the areas being assessed, to ensure students understand the items you will be looking for in their recipes.
|4.||Provide students with the Procedural Writing Graphic Organizer to assist them in developing their ideas before they write their actual recipes.
|5.||Give students some "talk time" to brainstorm with their peers ideas for a recipe. During this think-pair-share time, students should try to orally express ideas about what they would like to make, the ingredients they might need, the basics of how they are going to create the recipe (steps), and what they think the outcome of the recipe will be (conclusion).
|6.||After sharing their ideas aloud, students should then write key words and phrases that they have discussed onto their graphic organizers to assist them in the initial drafting portion of their writing.
|7.||Students can then follow the remainder of the writing process, by writing a rough draft based on the graphic organizer, revising the draft, editing the draft, and publishing the piece.|
- Have students share their recipes with the rest of the class by reading them aloud.
- Create an ice cream sundae with the class, using ice cream, bananas, chocolate syrup, cherries, and any other ingredients. After the students enjoy their own ice cream sundae, have them write a procedure outlining the making of an ice cream sundae.
- Have students develop a game or sport and outline the purpose or goal of the game, the equipment or pieces needed, and the rules, including how to win. They can then play the game or sport with the rest of the class using only the list they developed as an explanation to test its effectiveness.
- Record anecdotal notes throughout the group activities and students’ independent writing time at the end of the final session.
- Assess students’ final procedural writing pieces using the Procedure and Word Choice Rubric.