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Teacher Resources by Grade
|1st - 2nd||3rd - 4th|
|5th - 6th||7th - 8th|
|9th - 10th||11th - 12th|
Dancing Minds and Shouting Smiles: Teaching Personification Through Poetry
|Grades||3 – 5|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Four 30- to 45-minute sessions|
San Diego, California
Grades 5 – 12 | Calendar Activity |  November 28
As a class, students brainstorm abstract concepts and personify that concept through a drawing or story told about the character who personifies that concept.
Grades 7 – 12 | Calendar Activity |  February 1
Students examine the poem "Dreams" and identify metaphors in each sentence. Groups of students then compose poems with metaphors for dreams.
Grades 3 – 12 | Calendar Activity |  February 14
Students find examples of figurative language and write an original example of each device, illustrate, and share them with the class.
Grades 9 – 12 | Calendar Activity |  December 10
Students discuss Dickinson's poem "This Is My Letter To The World" and use it to focus on how audience affects voice.
Grades 3 – 12 | Calendar Activity |  August 30
Students discuss similarities in Burton's illustrations and writing style in her many books, in addition to her use of personification.
Grades 3 – 8 | Professional Library | Journal
The author of this article advocates using "great" poetry with children, and providing the link between the reading and writing of poetry.
Grades 8 – 12 | Professional Library | Book
Carmaletta M. Williams provides high school teachers with background on Hughes and the Harlem Renaissance as well as help in teaching Hughes's poetry, short stories, novels, and autobiography.