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Teacher Resources by Grade
|1st - 2nd||3rd - 4th|
|5th - 6th||7th - 8th|
|9th - 10th||11th - 12th|
Exploring Cause and Effect Using Expository Texts About Natural Disasters
|Grades||3 – 5|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Three 30- to 45-minute sessions|
Expository texts are a key component of literacy but often do not get introduced to students until the later grades. This lesson helps third- through fifth-grade students explore the nature and structure of expository texts that focus on cause and effect. Students begin by activating prior knowledge about cause and effect; the teacher then models discovering these relationships in a text and recording in a graphic organizer what the relationships that the class finds. Students work in small groups to apply what they learned using related books and then write paragraphs outlining the cause-and-effect relationships they have found.
- ReadWriteThink Webbing Tool: This online interactive tool will help students understand the importance of organizing ideas and concepts from informational text.
- Essay Map: This online interactive tool will help students map out and write clear paragraphs that include information about cause-and-effect relationships from their expository text.
Moss, B. (2004). Teaching expository text structures through information trade book retellings. The Reading Teacher, 57(8), 710–718.
- Students need more exposure to expository text along with explicit instruction that helps them understand the features and structure of this type of writing.
- There is a wide range of informational books written for children; many of these books are appropriate for teaching expository text structure.
- Among the text structures these texts can teach are description, sequence, comparison and contrast, problem and solution, and cause and effect.
- Teachers should model how to find these text structures before asking students to discover them independently or in small groups.