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Exploring the Power of Language with Six-Word Memoirs
|Grades||9 – 12|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Three 50-minute sessions|
- define synonym and consider the implications of multiple word meanings for authors attempting to choose the most effective word in a given situation.
- investigate the similarities and differences within word groups on the basis of connotation and register.
- create, reflect on, and revise a memoir, taking into account word choice and message.
- Begin a class discussion with students about memoirs and their “life stories.” What do students consider to be their “life story”? Would they need to write a novel to explain everything, or could they tell about one event that helped shape them as a person? Explain to students that they are going to be writing memoirs of their lives, but there’s a catch—they only have six words to portray themselves however they wish and to get a message across.
- Introduce the idea of six-word memoirs by projecting the video Six-Word Memoirs: The Video Story for students to see (alternate/additional videos that can be shown include Six Word Memoirs by Teens and Six-Word Memoirs, the book). You may also wish to have some Six-Word Memoir books available for students to peruse after the video to see more examples.
- To get students thinking about their own memoirs, have a class discussion that includes the following questions (adapted from the Teaching Guide for I Can’t Keep My Own Secrets):
- After reading/seeing some six-word memoirs, what surprises you about this form?
- What’s the difference between a story and a memoir? Why do we tell stories? Who knows your story best?
- How is it both possible and impossible to distill the essence of who you are into six words? Which author do you think does the best job of it and why?
- Again, explain the parameters of the assignment: students must write a personal memoir in only six words. To give students a bit more information about what’s required, show students the “Six Tips for Writing Six-Word Memoirs” video. Allow for students’ questions and then ask that students spend some time brainstorming and writing down different possibilities for their own six-word memoir. Eventually, ask students to choose one memoir that they deem their “favorite” and they would like to use for the remainder of this lesson.
- Ask students to write down a definition of the word synonym and provide several examples.
- Arrange students in small groups to share their definitions and examples. As they share, ask them to look for similarities and differences in their definitions and examples. Have groups share their findings with the entire class and create a class definition of the word synonym, to be written on the board or chart paper.
- Facilitate a discussion on how a poet or author might choose the "best word" for their piece of writing when there may be several words in the English language that express the same, or nearly the same, idea or concept.
- Guide students to an understanding that synonyms do express similar meanings but they also vary according to connotation, register, and sound/rhythm. You may wish to write these definitions on the board or chart paper for students to refer to in later activities.
- Connotation: the emotional or personal associations the word carries, beyond its literal definition.
- Register: the level of formality or informality associated with the word.
- Sound and rhythm: the way words sound and scan contribute to their appropriateness.
- Remind students to keep the memoir that they chose to use for the remainder of this lesson. If they wish, they may continue brainstorming and working on their memoir outside of class, as long as they bring their chosen memoir to the next session.
- Give each student a copy of the Choosing the Best Word: Six-Word Memoirs handout. Ask students to take another look at the six-word memoir that they chose to use for this activity. Ask student to choose one “focus word” from their memoir for which they will explore possible synonyms. Ask students to write that focus word on the handout. As students record their focus word, walk around the classroom to review students’ choices, making sure that their word choice will work for this activity (for instance, they shouldn’t choose the word “the” or “and”).
- Give students a few minutes to make their list of synonymous words (they may use a thesaurus if necessary) and think about how they actually differ in regard to connotation and register. Ask students to share examples and explain the differences they see.
- Inform students that they will be using an online tool to explore the ideas of synonyms, connotation, and register further by arranging words that have the same meaning as their focus word but vary according to connotation and/or register.
- Direct students to the Word Matrix tool online and ask them to select the option to organize words by connotation and register. Students will need to create a new concept that includes their focus words and the synonymous words in their list. You may wish to model this process before having students work independently.
- After creating their concepts, each student should arrange their words according to relative charge in connotation and formality of register. Point out that there are not right or wrong answers to this activity. More important than where the students end up putting words is the explanations they write about what the words mean and how they relate to each other. They should indicate their thinking by double-clicking each word and writing a brief justification for its placement.
- Explain to students that they can access online resources and get more information about connotation and register by clicking on the orange question mark within the tool. They should use the back navigation within the tool (not the back arrow in the browser) to get back to their work within the matrix.
- Have students print their completed matrices. Review them before the next session to gauge student understanding of connotation and register.
- Ask students to rewrite their six-word memoir by substituting each synonym in the place of the focus word that they originally chose. Thus, they should have multiple examples of the same six-word memoir with a different synonym replacing the focus word in each example. Students should complete this activity before the next session.
- Ask students to take out their list of memoirs within which they substituted different synonyms for their focus word. Have them take a moment to review the different memoirs and how they changed the meaning of the memoir.
- Have students take out their Choosing the Best Word: Six-Word Memoirs handout, on which they originally wrote their focus word and their synonyms. Ask them to reflect on how their word choice affected the meaning of their different memoirs. They should write about their thoughts and the memoir they prefer (with reasoning) on the handout under the Reflection Question.
- After all students have completed the handout, have students take turns sharing their experience. They should share their original memoir, what their synonyms were, and the final memoir they decided on (along with their reasoning). Allow for other students to ask questions about the students’ word choice if they so choose.
- Finally, have students post their final memoir to share with their classmates. Choices for sharing include:
- Allow students time to study their classmates’ memoirs and ask questions to get to know each other better and build a stronger classroom community!
- Make six-word memoirs a part of your classroom routine. Do warm-ups or exit slips that ask students to write six-word memoirs. You’ll be amazed at how much you’ll learn about students based on their memoirs!
- Present other short form writing choices for students to experiment with such as Haiku. Have them follow the same steps of substituting different synonyms into their writing to focus on word choice.
- Expand on the idea of a six-word memoir while still focusing on word choice and story elements. Have students increase the length of their memoir by writing an Espresso Story.
- Connect six-word memoirs to a literature activity by having students write literary characters’ six-word memoirs.
- Have students produce a video of their memoirs to post to You Tube or another video site. Use the video as an electronic scrapbook of the students in each class.
- Provide formative feedback through the completed matrices, synonym lists, and any other student work prior to the project.
- Evaluate students’ understanding of the project and completion of all of the steps during and after their oral presentation of their findings.