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Home Classroom Resources Lesson Plans

Lesson Plan

From Fact to Fiction: Drawing and Writing Stories

E-mail / Share / Print This Page / Print All Materials (Note: Handouts must be printed separately)

 
Grades K – 2
Lesson Plan Type Unit
Estimated Time Two to three weeks
Lesson Author

Betty Welch

San Antonio, Texas

Publisher

International Reading Association

 

Student Objectives

Instruction and Activities

Student Assessment/Reflections

 

STUDENT OBJECTIVES

Students will

  • Learn about story elements, including setting, characters, problem, solution, and ending

  • Use a K-W-L chart to activate prior knowledge and inquiry

  • Use the Internet to gather information about a specific topic

  • Express stories orally applying their knowledge of story elements

  • Apply their knowledge of story elements through drawings

  • Apply strategies learned in oral expression to reading and writing

  • Record finished stories using PowerPoint

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Instruction and Activities

NOTE: This lesson is designed for small- or whole-group instruction, not center work.

1. After reading Little Frog's Monster Story and discussing the story elements, use the K-W-L chart to determine what students already know about frogs and toads. Record their responses in the K column of the chart. In the W column, record what students want to learn. The L column will be used to record new information that students' learn after reading and visiting websites.

2. Read the book Frog or Toad? and record any new information that students' learn in the L column of the chart.

3. Have students visit the following websites to gather more information about frogs and toads:
Depending on students' abilities, you may need to read the information aloud from these websites. Add any new information to the L column of the K-W-L chart.

4. Have students access the interactive Venn diagram. Label one circle "frogs" and the other one "toads." Have students list characteristics of frogs and toads focusing on how they are different. In the middle section, focus on how frogs and toads are alike. Students should print their Venn diagram when finished.

5. Model how to create a story using one piece of information about frogs and toads. For example, frogs have smooth skin and toads have bumpy skin. While modeling, using setting, characters, problem, solution, and ending to create the story.

6. Using one piece of information from their Venn diagram printout, students begin generating their own creative stories about frogs and toads. Have each student choose one piece of information and verbalize a story aloud.

7. After each child has verbalized a story, distribute the Story Elements handout, which lists each of the story elements with a space to draw a picture. Instruct students to draw pictures that capture the story that they verbalized to the class. After pictures are drawn, students can share their drawings and stories with the class.

8. Have students begin independent writing. To get students started, model an appropriate beginning for a story or provide a uniform beginning, such as "Once upon a time . . ." During this writing activity, do not place emphasis on spelling.

9. After independent writing is done, conference with each student about his or her story. This will provide you an opportunity to teach spelling, sentence construction, flow of the story, and inclusion of story elements.

10. After conferencing, students should revise their story, make corrections, and submit a finished version.

11. If technology is available, scan students' drawings into the computer to create PowerPoint slides. Students then record their stories on the slides to accompany each drawing. They can also assess their writing and set goals for their next project (see Student Assessment/Reflections).

12. To bring the lesson to a conclusion, have students read The Wide-Mouthed Frog.

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STUDENT ASSESSMENT/REFLECTIONS

  • Observe student's ability to express thoughts in a story using elements, such as setting, characters, problem, solution, and ending.

  • Observe student's ability to connect information that is verbalized and drawn to written text.

  • Observe student's use of graphic organizers to assist with the structuring of his or her information and stories: K-W-L chart, Story Elements handout, and the interactive Venn diagram printout.

  • During conferencing, make note of students who are picking up on spelling patterns, sentence structure, and good writing strategies.

  • After creating the PowerPoint presentations of the students' stories, have each student assess his or her reading and writing abilities. Ask each student to set goals for both areas. These goals can be written as speaker's notes within the PowerPoint presentation. During the next project, students can assess whether their writing has improved.

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