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Lesson Plan

Generating Rhymes: Developing Phonemic Awareness

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Grades K – 2
Lesson Plan Type Standard Lesson
Estimated Time Two 30-minute sessions
Lesson Author

Sarah Dennis-Shaw

Avon, Massachusetts


International Literacy Association


Student Objectives

Session 1

Session 2


Student Assessment/Reflections



Students will

  • Generate a rhyming word for a given keyword

  • Choose a rhyming picture to match a given key picture

  • Work with partners to generate and recognize rhyming pictures

  • Match two rhyming pictures

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Session 1

1. Say several rhyming words aloud and ask students what they notice about the words. Accept all responses and introduce the term "rhyming". Give a keyword (cat) and ask students to give words that rhyme with the keyword.

2. Pass out the rhyming word pairs on index cards (from step 2 in Preparation), giving one to each student. Be sure to say the name of the picture aloud so students are clear about the word.

3. At a given signal, have students walk around the classroom and find their "partner" with the matching rhyming word. Students should sit down with their partners when they have made a match.

4. Once all students have found their rhyming partners, ask them if they know the song "Mary Had a Little Lamb." Tell students that they are going to be singing a different version of the song today. The song goes as follows:
Who has a word that rhymes with________, rhymes with ________, rhymes with __________; Who has a word that rhymes with __________, Oh Yes! the word is __________.

__(name)____ has ________ which rhymes with _______, rhymes with _______, rhymes with ________. ___(name)__ has _____ which rhymes with _______. ________ and ______ they rhyme!
The song would go like this:
Who has a word that rhymes with cat, rhymes with cat, rhymes with cat, Who has a word that rhymes with cat, Oh Yes! The word is bat.

Jesse has bat which rhymes with cat, rhymes with cat, rhymes with cat, Jesse has bat which rhymes with cat. Cat and bat, they rhyme!
5. Sing the song with students, calling up one student from the pair and having the second student (the rhyming word) call out their word at the appropriate time in the song. Ask all students to sing along and sing 12 verses so that all partners get a chance to participate with their rhyming words.

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Session 2

1. Review with students the game and song they learned in the previous session and talk about what rhyming means.

2. Display "Down by the Bay". Point to each of the pictures and name each one aloud so students are familiar with them. The pictures that are not inserted within the poem should be displayed at the bottom of the chart.

3. Read the chorus several times and have students sing or read with you to familiarize themselves with the chant.

4. Read the first stanza. When you get to the blank, have students raise their hands to choose the correct rhyming picture. Read the stanza again with the rhyming pair. Continue until the poem is complete. The chant can be displayed in the classroom for students to revisit at a later time.

5. Pass out the individual worksheet (the last worksheet in the lesson pack) to students and ask them to draw a line between each rhyming word pair.

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  • To extend these activities, have students play other rhyming games. They can also create new versions of the song or poem with different rhyming words and illustrate the words to create a class book.

  • Use the Scholastic online game Rhyming Rhino for added reinforcement.

  • Have students access the online interactive Construct-a-Word to gain more practice with word families. Similar to a magnetic board, students manipulate letters on the screen to make rhyming words.

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  • Assess students' understanding of rhyming words using the worksheet completed individually.

  • Informal observation can also be used during the activities to see if students are able to verbalize the rhyming pairs or recognize rhyming picture words.

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