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Lesson Plan

Get the GIST: A Summarizing Strategy for Any Content Area

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Get the GIST: A Summarizing Strategy for Any Content Area

Grades 6 – 8
Lesson Plan Type Recurring Lesson
Estimated Time 30 minutes per session
Lesson Author

Che-Mai Gray

Marysville, Washington

Publisher

International Reading Association

 

Overview

From Theory to Practice

 

OVERVIEW

In this series of lessons, students read newspaper articles obtained from newspaper websites. Students then identify journalism's "5 Ws and 1 H" (who, what, when, where, why, and how) and complete a template with the corresponding information they have found in the article. Finally, students use their notes to write a 20-word summary called a GIST. Once students have mastered writing a GIST using newspaper articles, the strategy is then applied to content area texts to support comprehension and summarizing skills.

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FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE

Rhoder, C. (2002). Mindful reading: Strategy training that facilitates transfer. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 45(6), 498–512.

  • All students benefit from strategy instruction. Too many strategies taught in a short amount of time do not lead to transfer or independent performance of the strategy because students are not able to practice before applying them to content. Therefore, students should learn one or two strategies to allow for transfer.

  • Students need to learn a reading strategy out of context of the content area in order to effectively assimilate the strategy. Once students no longer need scaffolding using the strategy, application to content area is possible.

  • The model for strategy instruction is–direct instruction, practice using curriculum-free materials, and application to curriculum.

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