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Lesson Plan

Manipulating Sentences to Reinforce Grammar Skills

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Grades 9 – 12
Lesson Plan Type Minilesson
Estimated Time 45 minutes
Lesson Author

Kristina McLaughlin

Kristina McLaughlin

East Palestine, Ohio


International Literacy Association



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From Theory to Practice



In this lesson, students manipulate sentences from books or magazines that they are reading in class to learn grammar in context and review grammar rules. Students learn how to modify the meaning of a sentence with antonyms and enhance the meaning of a sentence with synonyms. They also examine prepositions, adverbs, adjectives, and other parts of speech. This lesson assumes that students have basic knowledge of verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and other sentences elements.

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Manipulating Sentences:This printout includes a sample passage from The Island Keeper by Harry Mazer to enable students to practice manipulating sentences to enhance or change their meanings.

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Kane, S. (1997). Favorite sentences: Grammar in action. The Reading Teacher, 51, 7072.

  • Grammar study need not be dependent on prefabricated "correct" sentences; passages from books can be used to point out and teach grammar skills to young writers.

  • By framing the study of grammar within the meaningful context of text, grammatical structures such as dialogue and use of tense become writers' tools in the minds of students, rather than simply material to be learned for a test.

  • By surrounding ourselves with and immersing ourselves in quality writing, teachers can talk with students about grammar and usage in an enjoyable way that will encourage students to apply the principles to their own writing.

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