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Lesson Plan

Seeing Integration From Different Viewpoints

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Grades 6 – 8
Lesson Plan Type Standard Lesson
Estimated Time Two 60-minute sessions
Lesson Author

Karen Foster

Sedalia, Missouri


International Literacy Association



Featured Resources

From Theory to Practice



Is there more than one way to think about a work of nonfiction? Students will answer this question as they read and discuss Robert Coles' The Story of Ruby Bridges, a short story about court-ordered school desegregation in 1960s Louisiana. In this Directed Reading-Thinking Activity, students make predictions about the story before reading, focus on key ideas as they read aloud in groups, and enhance their comprehension of the story with a postreading class discussion. Finally, students participate in a postreading group activity in which they use colored glasses to view court-ordered desegregation from different perspectives.

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Duke, N.K., & Pearson, P.D. (2002). Effective practices for developing reading comprehension. In A.E. Farstrup & S.J. Samuels (Eds.), What research has to say about reading instruction (3rd ed., pp. 205-242). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

  • Effective instruction in reading comprehension involves the explicit use of specific strategies as well as the chance to read, discuss, and write about texts.

  • Students need to read texts beyond those specifically designed for reading instruction, especially those with a clear message or purpose.

  • An important comprehension strategy is prediction; this can involve making predictions, activating prior knowledge, previewing, and overviewing.

  • Predicting should have students use their prior knowledge to improve their understanding of new ideas they locate in a text.


De Bono, E. (1999). Six thinking hats. New York: Back Bay Books.

  • Improving communication and decision-making in groups is a matter of getting people to see things from different perspectives.

  • One effective way to improve group discussion and practice seeing things from different points of view is to limit participants to expressing views that correspond to a specific posture, regardless of their true thoughts. This is particularly effective when discussing a controversial topic.


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