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Lesson Plan

Solving the Math Curse: Reading and Writing Math Word Problems

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Solving the Math Curse: Reading and Writing Math Word Problems

Grades 3 – 5
Lesson Plan Type Standard Lesson
Estimated Time Three 60-minute sessions
Lesson Author

Valerie A. Adair, M.Ed.

Willow Grove, Pennsylvania

Publisher

International Reading Association

 

Student Objectives

Session 1

Session 2

Session 3

Extensions

Student Assessment/Reflections

 

STUDENT OBJECTIVES

Students will

  • Implement the four reading modalities by reading and writing their own word problems, presenting their own word problems, and listening to their peers' word problems

  • Create math word problems with smooth transitions, a conclusion, and a correct answer, using a nonfiction book as a guide, to increase fluency and enhance comprehension

  • Apply math vocabulary skills by completing a crossword puzzle using correct spelling of number words

  • Use the rereading strategy to increase fluency and comprehension

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Session 1

1. Begin by showing students the cover of the book Math Curse. Ask students, "What does curse mean?" List the variety of student responses on the board. Explain to students that the book is about a kind of curse that involves math. The story is full of math word problems and you will stop occasionally to ask them to solve some of the problems. Explain that when you are finished reading the story, they will have an opportunity to write their own math word problems.

2. Read the story aloud, making sure students are able to see the illustrations in the book. When you get to page 6, stop to discuss the word problems on that page. This is the part of the story where the main character prepares her breakfast and wonders about various measurements.

  • Ask students if they know the answer to the third question: How many inches in a foot? Allow students to respond before holding up a ruler to show that 12 inches are in a foot.

  • Next, ask students the fourth question on that page: How many feet in a yard? After students answer, hold up a yardstick and show students that 3 feet are in a yard. Alternately, you can trace a ruler three times in a single line on the board.
3. Now ask students, "If there are 12 inches in a foot, and three feet in a yard, how many inches are in a yard?" Allow students to work together or alone to solve the problem. Once they decide on an answer, ask students what strategies they used to answer the problem. List all responses on the board. Be sure to discuss any strategies students may have missed.

4. Finish reading the story aloud without making any additional stops to solve the word problems.

5. When the story is finished, go back and reread page 9 aloud: "We sit in 4 rows with 6 desks in each row. What if Mrs. Fibonacci rearranges the desks to make 6 rows? 8 rows? 3 rows? 2 rows?" Explain to students that you will model for them how to write a math word problem using the one from the book. Write the word problem from page 9 on the board and ask students to read the problem silently.

6. Ask students to study the word problem and think about its elements. Explain to students that the word problems they will write should include:

  • A start time and an end time (e.g., a time when they wake up in the morning and a time when they leave for school)

  • A particular number of minutes needed to complete each chore (e.g., it takes ten minutes to get dressed)

  • A question at the end (e.g., "Can I make my bus in time?" or "What time do I leave the house?")

  • An answer to the question, preferably hidden on the other side of their sheet of paper
Note: Students should have loose leaf, crayons, markers, pencils, and rulers for this portion of the lesson.

7. Have students work in groups to write their own word problem. Explain that each group should pick a writer, artist, speaker, and presenter. The writer will write the word problem, complete with math using addition and subtraction. The artist will create a picture that represents the word problem. The picture can be of one sentence or the entire word problem. The speaker will ask questions within the group and keep the group on task while they write and solve the problem. The presenter will read the word problem to the rest of the class and announce the group's answer to the problem. All students will be responsible for creating the word problem, from the beginning to the end (including the correct answer). Inform students that when they work together, they need to listen carefully to one another and speak clearly.

8. Go around the classroom and guide the groups. Make sure that all students keep to their individual roles. After a few minutes, bring the class together and call on each group to present their problems and answers.

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Session 2

1. Tell students that in this session they will create their own word problems based on the problems in the book Math Curse. Go back to the story and reread a few of the word problems. Explain that the problems students create must end with a question and that the class will later find the solution. Remind students to include the answer with their word problem but to keep it to themselves. You may want to once again model the word problem from page 9 of Math Curse from the previous session to remind students what a word problem looks like.

2. Give students some time to work on their problems in their math journals. Circulate around the room helping and reading students' word problems. Depending on the math level of your students, they can work alone or in pairs.

3. After students are finished with their word problems, ask students to volunteer to read their word problems to the class. Remind students to make eye contact with the audience as they speak.

4. As the first student reads his or her word problem, quickly write it on the board to model the sentence structure for students. Ask students if the word problem makes sense. If it does, ask the class to solve the problem, checking with the writer for the correct answer. If the problem does not make sense, go back and reread the problem aloud. Questions you may want to ask students include: "How can we figure this out?" or "What do you think this word problem is missing?" You may need to refer back to Math Curse as an example.

5. Depending on time constraints and number of students, have students read their word problems to the class and have the class solve the problems, or have students work in pairs so they can read their word problems to a partner. Partners will then answer each other's questions. Circulate around the room to make sure the vocabulary, sentence structure, and main idea are evident.

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Session 3

1. Go back to the page in Math Curse that begins, "I take the milk out for my cereal, and I wonder." Read this page to the class. Discuss the different measurements mentioned on this page. At this time, a minilesson may be required to review these math concepts.

2. Explain to students that they will have the opportunity to solve some of these problems in a crossword puzzle. Hand out the printout of the "Math Curse Word Problems" crossword puzzle from the online Crossword Puzzles tool or bring students to the computer lab to work on it online. Depending on students' math abilities, have them complete the puzzle individually, in pairs, or in small groups.

3. Give students time to complete the crossword puzzle. When everyone is finished, have students volunteer to share their answers.

4. If time permits, return to the online tool and have students create their own math problem crossword puzzles (click Create Your Own from the opening screen).

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EXTENSIONS

  • On the inside back cover of the book Math Curse there is a Venn diagram that includes all the stories that Jon Scieszka and Lane Smith wrote together and separately. Students can work in groups and pick one of the stories to read to the class. To help increase fluency, students can practice reading in their groups before they read aloud to the class.

  • Create a "Work Box" for students to access when they have free time. Put word problems in a box. When students are finished their work in reading or math class, they can pick a problem from the box and solve it.

  • Have students access the Kidsreads.com Authors website to find the biographies of Jon Scieszka and Lane Smith. Students can then compare the lives of both authors, using the Compare & Contrast Map.

  • Students can create their own word problems as homework to be bound into a three-ring binder for display in the classroom. Students' problems should include a drawing of their word problem and the correct answer.

  • For more ideas for using the online Crossword Puzzles tool, see More Ideas to Try. This page is also appropriate to share with parents and afterschool educators.

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STUDENT ASSESSMENT/REFLECTIONS

  • Have students complete a Student Self-Assessment Checklist after they write their word problem. You may want to model filling out your own assessment using the word problem from page 9 of Math Curse. Look to see if the student ended the word problem with a question and included a hidden answer. If not, you might want to go back and review the requirements or check to see if the student understands the assignment.

  • Use the Word Problem Rubric to assess each student’s word problem. Is the problem organized? Does the student understand the requirements of a word problem—to end with a question and include an answer to the problem? Is there a drawing? Is spelling correct? Is math computation correct?

  • Observe students as they recite their word problems. Note whether students were able to speak in a clear voice using correct pronunciation of math terms. Note whether students present their information in a logical, sequential format. Plan a minilesson if presentation skills are lacking or in need of improvement.

  • Collect and assess students’ “Math Curse Word Problems” crossword puzzles from the online Crossword Puzzles tool. Were students able to complete the crossword puzzle and correctly spell the math number words?

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