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Teacher Resources by Grade
|1st - 2nd||3rd - 4th|
|5th - 6th||7th - 8th|
|9th - 10th||11th - 12th|
Story Elements Alive!
|Grades||3 – 5|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Five 45-minute sessions|
What are the elements of narrative writing? How do authors describe people and places in their writing? From exposure to this lesson, students will gain a clear understanding of setting, characters, problem/solution, and plot. Each day students listen to a read-aloud of a story and are guided by discussions related to the focus story element for the lesson. After working collaboratively, students engage in independent activities such as completing a character map; a setting illustration; a problem/solution chart; a beginning, middle, and ending activity; and a story map. Activities can be modified for early readers by allowing them to work with partners.
Story Map: Students can use this interactive to complete a story map for the narratives they explore in this lesson.
Fisher, D., Flood, J., Lapp, D., & Frey, N. (2004). Interactive read-alouds: Is there a common set of implementation practices? The Reading Teacher, 58, 8–17.
A study determined the components of a read-aloud by observing expert teachers. The researchers concluded that all of the following findings are vital for a read-aloud:
- Children should be read aloud to everyday.
- Teachers should select books based on the needs and interests of the students.
- Teachers should preview and practice reading the book before reading aloud to students.
- There should be a clear purpose of every read-aloud, and students should understand this purpose.
- While reading, teachers should be animated, use gestures, and show expression.
- Teachers should model strategies and conduct discussions before, during, and after the read-aloud.
- Teacher should allow time after the read-aloud for the students to make connections to reading and writing.