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Teacher Resources by Grade
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Teaching About Story Structure Using Fairy Tales
|Grades||K – 2|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Read-aloud: three 20-minute sessions; Instruction and writing: five 50-minute sessions|
MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY
- Computers with Internet access and printing capability
- Selection of fairy tales and nursery rhymes
- Once Upon a Golden Apple by Jean Little and Maggie De Vries (Viking Penguin Group, 1991)
- Art supplies
- Felt or magnetic fairy tale characters
- Felt or magnetic board
- Chart paper
Grades 1 – 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing & Summarizing
The Plot Diagram is an organizational tool focusing on a pyramid or triangular shape, which is used to map the events in a story. This mapping of plot structure allows readers and writers to visualize the key features of stories.
- Beginning, Middle, and Ending Chart
- Prewriting Questions
- Once Upon a Golden Apple Storyboard Set A
- Once Upon a Golden Apple Storyboard Set B
- Fairy Tale Rubric
|1.||Before beginning this lesson, review the characters and plots of the following fairy tales and nursery rhymes with students. (They are the ones cited in the book Once Upon a Golden Apple, which you will use as an interactive read-aloud.)
|2.||Obtain a variety of fairy tale books, coloring books, or printouts for students to use as references when writing their own stories. Choose three of the fairy tales listed in Step 1 to use for interactive read-alouds. The websites listed above are online resources you can use to get copies of fairy tales.
|3.||In preparation for the interactive read-alouds, read the fairy tales and familiarize yourself with the beginnings, middles, and endings of the stories. Prepare to discuss who, what, where, when, how, and why for each story. For example, you might ask:
|4.||Obtain and familiarize yourself with Once Upon a Golden Apple by Jean Little and Maggie De Vries. In this book, a father begins storytelling with "Once upon a..." but soon extemporizes on familiar fairy tale and nursery rhyme characters, settings, and themes. The children in the book "edit" the story. In preparation for a read-aloud, be sure to preview the text carefully and make note of the four choices for each section. Also, practice reading the story aloud. Decide how you will have students discuss the various choices in the story and how making another choice could alter the story.
|5.||Familiarize yourself with the three levels of writing instruction described by Rebecca Olness in Using Literature to Enhance Writing Instruction:
|6.||Review the steps of the writing process: prewriting, drafting, revising/editing, and publishing.
|7.||Prepare class storyboards for the three fairy tales you chose in Preparation, Step 2. You may cut books apart, print out pictures from the Internet, or use pictures from coloring books. Alternatively, you may purchase or make magnetic or felt characters to use.
|8.||Transfer each page of the Once Upon a Golden Apple Storyboard Set A and the Once Upon a Golden Apple Storyboard Set B onto a sheet of chart paper. Make one copy of the Prewriting Questions and two copies of the Once Upon a Golden Apple Storyboard Set B for each guided writing group (see Session 6).
|9.||Make four copies of the Beginning, Middle, and Ending Chart and write the Prewriting Questions on chart paper.
|10.||Gather materials for the activity centers students will use during Sessions 7 and 8: art supplies, puppets, costumes, printouts of fairy tales, and printouts.