ReadWriteThink couldn't publish all of this great content without literacy experts to write and review for us. If you've got lessons plans, videos, activities, or other ideas you'd like to contribute, we'd love to hear from you.
Find the latest in professional publications, learn new techniques and strategies, and find out how you can connect with other literacy professionals.
Teacher Resources by Grade
|1st - 2nd||3rd - 4th|
|5th - 6th||7th - 8th|
|9th - 10th||11th - 12th|
Teaching Student Annotation: Constructing Meaning Through Connections
|Grades||9 – 12|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Four 50-minute sessions|
Canyon Country, California
MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY
- Copies of "Eleven" by Sandra Cisceros or other text appropriate for the activities in this lesson
- Colored Pencils
- Sample Annotation PowerPoint on The Pearl
Grades 3 – 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing & Summarizing
The Webbing Tool provides a free-form graphic organizer for activities that ask students to pursue hypertextual thinking and writing.
Grades 9 – 12 | Student Interactive | Organizing & Summarizing
Literary Graffiti, a high school version of the Doodle Splash student interactive, also aims to teach students to visualize what they are reading to help them develop as readers.
- Making Annotations: A User's Guide or one students create after discussion
- Annotation Sheet
- Student Sample Annotations from "Eleven"
- Annotation Peer Review Guide
- Example Student Brainstorming for Annotation
- Sample Revised and Published Annotations Using Footnotes
- Find sample annotated texts to share with your students. Shakespeare's plays work well since many of his texts are annotated. Red Reader editions published by Discovery Teacher have great user-friendly annotations geared toward young adult readers. Look for selections that are engaging—ones that offer more than vocabulary definitions and give a variety of annotations beyond explanation and analysis.
- Alternatively, search Google Books for any text with annotations. A search for Romeo and Juliet, for example, will bring up numerous versions that can be viewed directly online.
- While much of the work will be done by students, it is useful to take some time to think about the role of annotations in a text. You will have students identify the functions of annotations, but it is always helpful if you have your own list of uses of annotations so that you can help guide students in this area of instruction if necessary.
- Make copies of all necessary handouts.
- Arrange for students to have access to Internet-connected computers if they will be doing their annotations in an online interactive.
- Test the Literary Graffiti and Webbing Tool interactives on your computers to familiarize yourself with the tools and ensure that you have the Flash plug-in installed. You can download the plug-in from the technical support page.