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Teacher Resources by Grade
|1st - 2nd||3rd - 4th|
|5th - 6th||7th - 8th|
|9th - 10th||11th - 12th|
Twenty-First Century Informational Literacy: Integrating Research Techniques and Technology
|Grades||6 – 12|
|Lesson Plan Type||Unit|
|Estimated Time||Seven 60-minute sessions|
- Use Comic Life software or other comic software to apply their research to the graphic novel structure
- Develop their writing skills for different audiences and purposes by adapting the academic research paper to a graphic novel format
- Employ and practice a wide variety of research techniques by navigating websites, synthesizing and citing information, and creating questions and theses statements
- Reflect on and analyze their work by using a rubric to self-assess
- To activate students’ prior knowledge, ask if they have read comic books or comic strips. Have students brainstorm a list of comic features by asking such questions as: What features make a comic different from a novel? A newspaper? A five-paragraph essay? Where do we get information from in reading a comic? What role do the illustrations play? On a blackboard or large sheet of butcher paper, create a list of comic book features generated by the class discussion and leave it posted in the classroom.
- Tell students that graphic novels are bound books, both fiction and nonfiction, set up in comic form. Choose a nonfiction graphic novel from which to read aloud. (Capstone Press’ Graphic Library Series is recommended and includes a glossary, “kid-friendly” websites, and lists of other books on the same topic.) After the read aloud, ask students what features they noticed about the graphic novel and add any new observations to the list created in Step 1.
- Hand out the Research Report: Informational Graphic Novel Rubric and explain to the class that they will be researching a topic of their choosing and presenting their research in graphic novel form. Go over the rubric in detail and discuss the criteria students need to meet, including synthesizing and paring down information to fit into a graphic novel format.
- For homework, have students brainstorm a list of topics and possible questions about the topic that they would like to research. Model some possible topics and questions, such as:
Possible Questions: How do cars work? How did the original cars evolve into the modern cars? How are race cars different from other cars? How will alternative fuels change the car industry?
- Select a few students to share the topics they chose and questions they wrote for homework. Offer feedback to students who may have had trouble generating suitable topics or questions.
- Tell students that they will research answers to the questions they generated for homework about their preferred topic and that the information will be used to write their own graphic novel. Note: This unit works best with students who are already familiar with writing a research paper; however, if necessary, guide students in a refresher or minilesson on how to conduct research and how to cite sources in the desired format (i.e., APA or MLA).
- At the classroom computer or computer lab, have student navigate to the bookmarked list of search engines to help them get started. Those search engines include:
- dmoz-Open Directory Project: Kids and Teens
This website allows students to select their levels and will read sources aloud to students who require extra support.
This website directly corresponds with Capstone Press’ Graphic Library Series and allows students to search for information by their reading/grade levels.
- KidsClick! Web Search
This website gives reading levels of all websites.
- KidsClick! Search Tools
This website offers a list of other kid-friendly search engines where students can limit their search by age, grade, or reading level.
This website offers only scholarly collections for students.
This website returns only .edu and .org websites.
- Ask Kids
This website returns filtered websites to provide only appropriate content.
- dmoz-Open Directory Project: Kids and Teens
- While students conduct research, circulate around the room and assist those who may need help with the research process. Check on the sources students choose to make sure that they are relevant to their topics.
- Once students have found one or two sources that pertain to their topic, show them how to save the source and relevant information to a USB drive or other storage device. Students who find their sources quickly can spend the remaining research time reading, highlighting, and taking notes. Circulate around the room and check on students’ notes, making sure that the information they record relates to their topic and questions. Some students, for example, may try to write down or highlight everything and will need help narrowing their focus.
- For homework, have students complete any note-taking they did not finish by Session 4.
- Explain to students that their graphic novels should be treated as a research paper and that they must have a thesis that they support throughout the graphic novel. They should use the research they collected and notes they took from the previous session for this support.
- Navigate to the bookmarked Essay Map interactive tool and show students how to use it to form a thesis statement about their topics.
- Allow students to use the remaining time to use their notes and complete their Essay Maps. Circulate around the room to make sure students have solid theses and that the information they use supports those main ideas.
- Using an LCD projector at the classroom computer or computer lab, show students how to use the Comic Life Software or whatever software program you have decided to use. Explain to students that they will need to find pictures to illustrate their essays. If you are using Comic Life Software, demonstrate how to download and import images from the Internet (e.g., from Flickr). Remind students to write down sources for the images they find.
- Allow students to practice using the software and to locate pictures with the remaining time.
- Students will use these sessions to create a graphic novel using their Essay Maps and collected photos. Explain to students that their completed graphic novel should include the following:
- A title page
- An introduction with a thesis
- Five to six frames that include supporting information and images
- A resource page
- When students are finished, have them hand in their completed graphic novels.
- Hand out the Research Report: Self-Evaluation of Graphic Novel and have students assess their own work and process. Ask students to write on a separate sheet of paper and reflect on any challenges they encountered and the differences in presenting information in this format versus a typical research paper or report. Have students hand in this self-evaluation at the end of the session.
- Have students use the Comic Life software or other comic software to create their own fictional stories, write autobiographies, or analyze characters from novels.
- Use graphic novels to model reading strategies and scaffold students prior to reading a more challenging text. The Graphic Classics offers a wide variety of classic novels in graphic novel form.
- Use the Research Report: Informational Graphic Novel Rubric to assess students’ completed graphic novels. Provide students with feedback on their assignment based on this rubric. Conference with students who may be struggling.
- Evaluate students’ completed Research Report: Self-Evaluation of Graphic Novel printouts. Compare this evaluation with the Research Report: Informational Graphic Novel Rubric and note any disparities.