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Lesson Plan

Using Repetition and Picture Cues to Foster Independent Young Readers

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Using Repetition and Picture Cues to Foster Independent Young Readers

Grade K
Lesson Plan Type Minilesson
Estimated Time 40 minutes
Lesson Author

LaDonna Helm

LaDonna Helm

Urbana, Illinois


National Council of Teachers of English


Student Objectives

Instruction & Activities


Student Assessment/Reflections



Students will

  • tell the teacher a list of words that begin with a specific letter (for example, b).

  • illustrate the word on the activity sheet provided by the teacher.

  • use their knowledge of letters and sounds to assist the teacher with spelling words that begin with the targeted letter.

  • write the word in the space provided on the activity sheet.

  • read the sentence describing their illustration.

  • Become more aware of letter sound and word relationships.

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Instruction & Activities

  1. Begin by telling the students that you would like for them to help you make a list of words that begin with a specific letter (for example, b).

  2. Model the sound that "b" makes, and ask students to repeat the sound.

  3. The teacher should be prepared to explain that some letters make more than one sound (i.e. giant and garden both begin with g).

  4. Ask each student to tell you a word that begins with the letter "b."

  5. Slowly pronounce the word, enunciating to allow the students to hear each letterís sound.

  6. Encourage students to tell you the sounds they hear.

  7. Write the word.

  8. Repeat steps 4-6 for each word.

  9. Write the student's name next to the word that he or she gives. This will be the word the student will illustrate later in the activity.

  10. If a student is having difficulty thinking of a word that starts with the letter b, you can help by saying "which of the following words begin with b, red, white or blue?" You can provide other appropriate prompts depending on the studentís level.

  11. After everyone has contributed to the list, give each student an activity sheet.

  12. Review the list, reminding students of the words they are to illustrate.

  13. Instruct students to draw a picture to illustrate their word and write the word on the blank line.

  14. Combine the pages to make a book.

  15. Add a cover to the pages, and title it "Our Bb Book".

  16. Let the students read the book to one another.

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  • Make a book for every letter of the alphabet.

  • Make a book that focuses on items found in a certain setting for example, things found in a school, doctor's office, bathroom, restaurant, and so on.

  • Write sentences with the students, and let them type them on the computer, print them and draw the illustrations.

  • Students who require a challenge should be instructed to develop an entire sentence or sentences without use of the templates provided.

  • Make books that focus on specific letter sounds (i.e. soft c sound vs. hard c sound, vs. ch sound).

  • Provide advanced students with the text A is for Salad by Mike Lester. Students interact with this book by finding the picture on the page that goes with a specified letter. Students might use Lester's book as a model for a similar book that they create as a class.

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  • Since this is a whole group activity, it is important to encourage all students to contribute to the word list and spell words. Be sure to include students who do not ordinarily participate.

  • When necessary, it is important to create a successful environment for those students who do not normally experience success. Provide prompts that will help students achieve success. Making a conscious effort such as this will hopefully help build their self-confidence to initiate participation in future large group activities.

  • Take note of those students who need help with letter recognition and/or letter sounds.

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