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Lesson Plan

Whole-to-Parts Phonics Instruction: Teaching Letter-Sound Correspondences

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Grades K – 2
Lesson Plan Type Standard Lesson
Estimated Time Two 30-minute sessions
Lesson Author

International Literacy Association


Student Objectives

Instruction and Activities


Student Assessment/Reflections



Students will

  • Distinguish the onset and rime in spoken and written words

  • Identify words that belong to the /-ill/ family using onset-rime analogy

  • Substitute consonant sounds in context to form new words in a given word family

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Instruction and Activities

1. Let the class listen to and become familiar with the tune and rhyme of Jack and Jill.

2. Present a Big Book copy of the rhyme or use a computer-assisted presentation to display the words from the rhyme. Highlight the words Jill and hill.

3. Ask students to read-a-long and then sing-a-long as you point to each word in the rhyme. Initially, this can be done by the whole class and then within small groups.

4. Point out the two highlighted words and ask someone in the class to say or read the words aloud.

5. Ask students to repeat the words Jill and hill, and focus students' attention on the final sound and spelling of the two words.

6. Encourage students to identify words that have the final /-ill/ sound. You may show several Flashcards to assist students in giving and spelling words that belong in the /-ill/ family and present other text-related materials to assist students in recognizing words in context.

7. Guide students in compiling a list of new /-ill/ words and assist them in reading each word correctly. Make sure that students' identify the words will, fill, pill, dill, bill, mill, sill, till, hill, Jill, Bill, drill, grill, and ill.

8. Conduct a group and individual drill by asking students to read the following sentences. Have the whole class read the sentences together first, and then invite individual students to read some of the sentences on their own.

  • Jill is ill.

  • Jill will need a pill.

  • Jill will pay the bill.

  • Bill will go up on the hill.

  • Jill and Bill will sit on the sill.

  • The mill is on a hill.

  • Bill will till the soil.
Have students substitute the /-ill/ words in the sentences to fully practice word and sound recognition in context. Magnetic letters or an overhead projector with letter tiles can be used for this task.

9. Ask students to complete the Copy-Change Worksheet using the original Jack and Jill rhyme. The associated picture guide may assist students in creating their adapted versions.

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  • Challenge students to create their own Copy-Change Worksheet by changing the original pattern of the Jack and Jill rhyme. Present more /-ill/ words for this activity such as skill, still, chill, grill, and thrill.

  • Present students with computer-assisted programs, such as the interactive Construct-a-Word, which focus on onset-rime analogies.

  • Have students access the interactive Picture Match for practice with beginning-letter sounds or the Word Family Sort for additional practice with onset and rime. The lesson "Word Sorts for Beginning and Struggling Readers" can also be used for follow-up lesson planning.

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  • Have students present their Copy-Change Worksheet to the class and observe students' ability to use words from the /–ill/ family in context.

  • Challenge students to use their writing journal to write sentences or compose a story using words from the /–ill. family.

  • Provide a teacher-made test to evaluate mastery of content and whether the skill has been learned.

  • Ask students to write in their reflective journal what they have learned or have not learned during this lesson. Also, ask them to express what they wish they had learned or what they would like to do to master this lesson.

  • Record or note those students who need more assistance in recognizing words from whole-to-parts. Engage them in activities that offer further practice.

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