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Text Complexity: Raising Rigor in Reading

by Douglas Fisher, Nancy Frey and Diane Lapp

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Text Complexity: Raising Rigor in Reading

Grades 4 – 12
Type Book
Published April 2012
Publisher International Reading Association

 

Description  

Selecting appropriate reading material for students is hard. For decades, teachers have known that quality instruction requires a careful matching of materials to students. The goal is to select materials that are neither too difficult nor too easy for students--a phenomenon sometimes called the Goldilocks Rule. To ensure that students learn to read increasingly complex texts, teachers have to understand what makes a text hard. The introduction of the Common Core State Standards has also placed a spotlight on text complexity. This book focuses on the quantitative and qualitative factors of text complexity as well as the ways in which readers can be matched with texts and tasks. It also examines how close readings of complex texts scaffold students understanding and allow them to develop the skills necessary to read like a detective.

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Table of Contents

 

Fisher, D., Frey, N., & Lapp, D. (2012). Text complexity: Raising rigor in reading. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

 

Related Resources

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Grades   1 – 3  |  Strategy Guide

Promote Deep Thinking! How to Choose a Complex Text

Complex texts promote deep thinking and critical analysis by students. Through close reading of a complex text, students’ independent reading abilities also increase.

 

Grades   1 – 3  |  Strategy Guide

Depend on the Text! How to Create Text-Dependent Questions

Teachers need to create text-dependent questions to elicit close reading. When answering these questions, students learn to reread and think deeply about the text.

 

Grades   1 – 3  |  Strategy Guide

Get Close to Think Deeply: Creating Primary-Level Close Readings

Close readings allow primary students to engage with complex texts. Through repeated reading, students build a deep understanding of the text and critical thinking skills.