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I Have a Dream: Exploring Nonviolence in Young Adult Texts
|Grades||9 – 12|
|Lesson Plan Type||Standard Lesson|
|Estimated Time||Four 50-minute sessions|
Exeter, Rhode Island
In this lesson, students identify how the rapper, Common and writer, Walter Dean Myers, reinterprets Martin Luther King Jr.’s dream of nonviolence in their own works. This lesson also aims to expose high school students to nonviolent options of conflict-resolution. To activate prior knowledge, students will watch Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech and read Doreen Rappaport’s picture book, Martin’s Big Words, and recall how he approached conflict. The students will connect Dr. King’s answer to conflict-resolution with Common’s interpretation of nonviolence, as demonstrated in his song, “A Dream.” The students will also connect this dream of nonviolence to Walter Dean Myers’ short story, “Monkeyman,” from the book 145th Street. Students are assigned a particular homework task prior to reading the short story in order to encourage a text-based discussion on characterization and conflict. The students will be introduced to Dr. King’s Six Principles of Nonviolence and compose a thesis essay as a final assessment.
- A classroom set of Walter Dean Myers’ 145th Street (or copies of the short story “Monkeyman")
- A copy of Doreen Rappaport’s picture book Martin’s Big Words
- Six Principles of Nonviolence Essay Rubric: Used to help guide students through the writing process and also used as an assessment tool.
The English classroom offers opportunities to explore conflict resolution strategies through reading and analyzing plot structure, characterization, and point of view in short stories. Multicultural literature exposes students to various nationalities, religions, socioeconomic classes, and cultures. Through the discussion of multicultural literature and the nature of conflict, empathy for diversity will develop and potentially deter the formation or promotion of intolerant behaviors.
Coghlan, Rosemarie. "The Teaching of Anti-Violence Strategies within the English Curriculum." English Journal 89.5 (2000): 84-89.