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Lesson Plan

Show What You Know: Read, Write and Solve Math Problems

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Show What You Know: Read, Write and Solve Math Problems

Grades 2 – 3
Lesson Plan Type Minilesson
Estimated Time Three 60-minute sessions
Lesson Author

Deborah Kozdras, Ph.D.

Deborah Kozdras, Ph.D.

Tampa, Florida

Christine Joseph, Ph.D.

Christine Joseph, Ph.D.

Tampa, Florida


International Literacy Association



From Theory to Practice



Students use a variety of texts (children's literature, informational texts, websites, apps, online interactives) to gather information and evidence about making lemonade in order to create and solve mathematical problems. They start by examining texts about making and selling lemonade, and find places where they can tell mathematical stories about the texts. Students then turn these stories into word problems, solve the word problems, and record their solutions using an interactive whiteboard app like ShowMe or Inkflow. Finally, they learn to identify real-world mathematics problems in various texts about lemonade, including recipes, children's literature, online simulations, and other informational texts.

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Altieri, J. (2010). Literacy + math = creative connections in the classroom. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

  • It is necessary to provide students with opportunities to view diverse material (i.e., fiction, informational texts, illustrations, graphs) and show an understanding of mathematics in the real world.

  • Engage students with different strategies to read multimodal texts.

  • Students need to visually represent what they are learning through dramatizations, charts, illustrations, and other artistic creations.


Morrow, L. (2012). A primary grade science unit using the language arts/literacy common core state standards. Reading Today, 29(5), 3031.

  • Before reading, create an environment that supports the concepts to be learned.


Northrop, L., & Killeen, E. (2013). A framework for using iPads to build early literacy skills. The Reading Teacher, 66(7), 531537.

  • When using iPads, students may be more proficient with the technology than the literacy strategies, so it is essential to focus on literacy concepts through modeling and think-alouds, followed by guided and independent practice.

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