Building Classroom Community Through the Exploration of Acrostic Poetry
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- Instructional Plan |
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Building classroom community is one of the most challenging yet most important tasks for any teacher, and it needs to be reinforced frequently throughout the year. This lesson gives students the opportunity to be innovative, creative, and expressive while building a sense of community. In this lesson, students explore the genre of acrostic poetry and participate in a shared writing experience with acrostic poems. Using the Internet, students explore and investigate the characteristics of acrostic poetry. They then brainstorm positive character traits about one of their classmates using an online thesaurus and compose an acrostic poem. Students use an interactive online tool to write and print the final draft and then share their poem with the class.
|Student Checklist: This detailed checklist helps students prepare their poems for presentation to their peers.|
|Acrostic Poetry Quilt from Ms. Birnbaum’s Fourth Grade Class: This online source provides visual examples of acrostic poems that are sure to inspire students’ muses.|
From Theory to Practice
- Computers in the classroom have typically been used for skill-and-drill or games that promote test preparation. However, computers offer numerous possibilities to enhance students' understanding of poetry and poetic language.
- The integration of poetry with technology can help create a friendly, motivating environment for children to explore the composition of different forms of poetry.
Common Core Standards
This resource has been aligned to the Common Core State Standards for states in which they have been adopted. If a state does not appear in the drop-down, CCSS alignments are forthcoming.
This lesson has been aligned to standards in the following states. If a state does not appear in the drop-down, standard alignments are not currently available for that state.
NCTE/IRA National Standards for the English Language Arts
- 4. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.
- 5. Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes.
- 6. Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts.
- 8. Students use a variety of technological and information resources (e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video) to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge.
Materials and Technology
- Computers with Internet access and connection to a printer
- LCD display monitor (optional)
- Several print thesauri (optional)
- Acrostic Poetry Booklist
|1.||Gather some samples of acrostic poems using the Acrostic Poetry Booklist.
|2.||Preview online samples of acrostic poems by visiting Acrostic Poems for Children and Acrostic Poetry Quilt from Ms. Birnbaum's Fourth Grade Class. Students will access these sites independently during the lesson, so it is a good idea to bookmark them on your classroom computers.
|3.||Bookmark the Acrostic Poems tool on your classroom computers. This interactive tool will assist students in writing their acrostic poems.
|4.||Photocopy a class set of the Acrostic Poetry Web Explorer worksheet, the Brainstorming Template, and the Student Checklist. Make a transparency of the template and checklist for the shared writing session as well.
- Learn the structure of acrostic poetry by viewing examples on the Internet
- Understand and apply knowledge of acrostic poetry by composing an acrostic poem about one of their classmates
- Build community in the classroom by focusing on peers' positive character traits and applying them to poetry
Session 1: Exploring acrostic poetry
|1.||Lead a brief discussion with students about poetry and why authors choose to write poems (e.g., poetry is a creative way to express feeling; poetry is an art form). Introduce the term acrostic poetry to students and explain that an acrostic poem is one that uses the letters in a word or topic to begin each line of the poem. All of the words or phrases in the poem relate to the topic word.
|2.||Share the examples of acrostic poetry that you have selected. Ask students to comment on what they notice about the poems and record their thoughts on the board or on chart paper. Some thoughts might include
|3.||Pass out the Acrostic Poetry Web Explorer worksheet and review it with students. Allow students to explore examples of acrostic poetry online, using this sheet as their guide. You may have students fill out the sheet and hand it in. You may also choose to use an LCD monitor to view the websites together as a class; if you do this, you may want to write the questions from the sheet on chart paper or on the board and fill them out together.
|4.||Bring the class together for a shared writing experience. Choose another teacher or school official all your students know as the subject of an acrostic poem written together as a class. Using a transparency of the Brainstorming Template, write each letter of the person's name down the left column of the template. (You might share a sample of a filled-out template with students first.)
|5.||Work with students to brainstorm positive character traits about the person for each letter of his or her name. (See sample for examples.)
|6.||After you have three to five words for each letter of the name, work with students to compose an acrostic poem. Model adding phrases and connecting verbs to the word lists.
|7.||Have a student volunteer write a final copy of the poem (other students may wish to illustrate it as well). The class can then share it with the poem's subject.
Session 2: Brainstorming
|1.||Review the process for writing an acrostic poem based on the activities in Session 1. Explain to students that they are going to write acrostic poems for each other. Pass out the Student Checklist and review expectations and guidelines.
|2.||Lead a brief discussion about why it would be important and thoughtful to write an acrostic poem about a classmate. Talk about how it makes people feel good, it shows respect, and it is a creative way to express friendship.
|3.||Talk to students about how the use of thoughtful, descriptive words makes acrostic poems more effective and interesting to read. Explain that they will brainstorm positive character traits about another student in the class and then write an acrostic poem about that person.
|4.||Pass out copies of the Brainstorming Template and ask each student to write his or her name down the left column with one letter in each box.
|5.||Randomly distribute the templates to students so that each student ends up with someone else's name.
|6.||Allow students to access one of the major online thesauri:
list of character traits is available if you don't have access to multiple computers or print thesauri.)
|7.||After students have had sufficient time to brainstorm, ask them to look over their list and compose a rough draft of their acrostic poem. They should keep the checklists and rough drafts for Session 3.
Session 3: Publishing and sharing
|1.||Have students take out their Student Checklist as well as their drafts from Session 2. Review the guidelines and expectations on the Student Checklist and explain that they should use their checklist to make sure that they have all the necessary elements in their acrostic poem.
|2.||Give students time to revise their poems as necessary.
|3.||Set students up on computers with the Acrostic Poems writing tool. Guide them through the process of typing a final draft of their poem into the tool and have them print their poems.
|4.||Allow students to share their poems aloud and present them to their classmates. Students should turn in their completed checklist and a copy of their poem.
- Students can illustrate their acrostic poems and laminate them as a keepsake.
- Students can write acrostic poems about story characters or their favorite setting in a story.
- Students can write acrostic poems for science or social studies topics to demonstrate their knowledge.
- Advanced students can test their knowledge of nouns, adjectives, and gerunds by rewriting their acrostic poem as a synonym Diamante Poem.
Student Assessment / Reflections
- Use informal observation to assess whether students participate and demonstrate understanding of the acrostic poetry format. If you collected the Acrostic Poetry Web Explorer worksheet, you can use this to assess student comprehension as well.
- Use the Student Checklist to assess final copies of the poems. In addition, look at student vocabulary in the completed poems. Did students use the reference materials you provided to find original and creative words? Are the words applied correctly? Do the poems accurately and creatively describe the person being written about?
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