Lights, Camera, Action: Interviewing a Book Character
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- Standards |
- Resources & Preparation |
- Instructional Plan |
- Related Resources |
While reading, students closely examine the different characters in a novel by keeping journal entries, meeting for group discussions, and using an online graphic organizer. This extensive character examination helps them prepare for a final project that involves creating an interview-style television show in which students write the script and assume the roles of the television host and the characters on the show. Questions can be about events from the novel as well as other topics that were not explicitly covered in the novel. Answers are based on students' knowledge of the characters and their personalities.
Interactive Story Map: Students get a better look at the characters they’re dealing with when they plot out descriptive details in the Character Map.
From Theory to Practice
- Students who read with introspection and respond with purpose come to view themselves as readers and writers who have a duty to think and create.
- Pretending to be a character motivates more purposeful reading and writing.
Common Core Standards
This resource has been aligned to the Common Core State Standards for states in which they have been adopted. If a state does not appear in the drop-down, CCSS alignments are forthcoming.
This lesson has been aligned to standards in the following states. If a state does not appear in the drop-down, standard alignments are not currently available for that state.
NCTE/IRA National Standards for the English Language Arts
- 3. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).
- 4. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.
Materials and Technology
- Folders for each character
- Novel of choice
- Video camera (optional)
- Computers with Internet access
- Costumes or outfits (optional)
- PowerPoint, Microsoft Word, or another word processing program
- Student journal
- Character Traits worksheet
- Important Interview Information handout
Before reading, make sure that students are aware of the final project, which involves writing questions and answers for an interview-style television show and acting the part or "becoming" a character from the novel. Gather students into small groups and assign each group a different character from the novel. While reading, each group should focus on what makes their character unique from the other characters in the story. They should also note any events throughout the novel that create changes in their character or give insight into their character's personality. Each group of students will be responsible for keeping a folder on their character, including handwritten notes, computer printouts, and graphic organizers.
- Examine a character based on explicit and implicit information found in the novel
- Support their assumptions about a character by summarizing information from the novel
- Develop questions that could be answered by a character in the novel based on their examination and understanding of the character
- Prepare answers to the questions that they developed based on their understanding of the character and his or her personality
- Integrate the questions and answers into a television show skit and then perform the show as a final project
Instruction & Activities
Remind students that each group will represents a different character in the novel. While reading, students need to pay close attention to the character that they have been assigned and meet at least three times to discuss their character as a group.
|1.||Refer students to the Important Interview Information handout and explain good interviewing strategies. It would be helpful to have students watch a 10– to 15–minute interview segment from Oprah or another talk show and discuss the interviewing strategies used on the show. Are there any strategies that students notice are not on the handout? If they were going to grade Oprah (or another host) on their interviewing skills, what would they look for? Can they define the layout of the talk show (introduction, interview, closing)? Remind students that all of these things will be important when they create their own interview talk show.
|2.||The first group meeting should be scheduled when students begin reading the novel (one class period). Assign each group a character in the novel to focus on during their reading. At this meeting, students can create a folder to store all of their notes and information while reading. The folder should be labeled with the names of each student in the group, the title and author of the novel, and the name of the assigned character.
|3.||Make sure that students are keeping notes about their character in their journal while reading, including explicit and implicit information from the story. For example, in their journal entries (either computerized or handwritten), students should track important events in the novel that are pertinent to their character. They might also explore how their character reacts to an event or situation as an indication of the character's personality or values.
|4.||Before the next group meeting, encourage each student to access the online, interactive Story Map to create and print a character map. Although students do not have to be in exactly the same place in the story, they should be relatively close in order for their character maps to be comparable. Some students may need assistance completing the online character map even though instructions are included. Remind students to print their character map before closing the program.
|5.||Students should schedule a second meeting with their group after reading one-third to one-half of the novel (one class period). At this meeting, encourage students to discuss what they have learned about their character by sharing their journal entries and character maps. Students can compare information, discuss what is important about their character, and compile their ideas into a master list, which should be typed in a word processing program. They might also make predictions about what will happen in the story and to their character.
|6.||After the second group meeting, students continue reading and go back to the online Story Map to each complete an additional map. Give students the option to complete the setting map, conflict map, or resolution map, and again remind them to print a copy to share with their group.
|7.||The third group meeting should be scheduled after students have read two-thirds of the novel (one class period). Again, encourage students to compare their journal entries and also the individual story maps they created. At this point in the reading, they should know more about their character and be able to discuss whether he or she has changed. If changes have occurred, they can discuss the reasons for the change and summarize the actions or events in the novel that led to the growth or decline of their character. Student can again compile their notes and ideas into a master list, which should be typed on the computer.
|8.||When students have finished reading the novel, ask them to each complete the Character Traits worksheet. Although students are asked to complete the worksheet individually, they can refer to the notes and materials from their group's character folder to formulate their responses.|
|1.||After reading the novel, explain how students can develop good interview questions. Refer back to Oprah or another talk show, and ask students to recall their discussion of good interviewing strategies. Help students differentiate open-ended questions, and explain how they can create open-ended questions using information from the novel. Create a few sample questions using phrases like, "Tell me about. . . " or "What were you thinking when. . ."
|2.||Set aside one day to discuss the actual performance and explain the grading.
|3.||Set aside three days for students to develop between 6 to 10 interview questions to ask their character, along with the respective answers. Questions should relate to the novel. Physical descriptions of the character are acceptable, but should not dominate the interview. Students should be reminded to use their journal and graphic organizers to help them develop questions. After writing the questions, they must find or develop answers using their notes or the book.
|4.||Before the presentation, each group should elect one person to represent the character on the television show and another person to act as the host. The other students in the group can participate as the camera operator and stagehand, or they can all take turns being the interviewer and interviewee.
|5.||Allow students four to seven minutes to present their television show to their peers. While performing, the student answering the questions should act as if he or she is the actual character from the book and the host should act as if he or she is a real television show host. Questions from the "audience" could be used as well.
- Invite students to evaluate the performance given by their peers. With your guidance, students can develop a rubric to determine the evaluation criteria.
- Use a video camera to tape the students' television talk shows. Share the performance with parents or guardians at teacher conferences.
Student Assessment / Reflections
- Use a rubric to assess group work. Several rubrics are available at Bridging the Gap: Group Work Rubrics and Checklists.
- Involve students in creating a checklist that addresses the goals that are important within this lesson.
- Observation of group teamwork, completion of character folders, individual journal entries, and participation in the television skit would be important parts of any rubric or checklist.
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