The Pied Piper led the children out of Hamelin in 1376.
The legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin has been recounted in a number of literary works by authors including the Brothers Grimm and poet Robert Browning. Though legend says that the Pied Piper led the children out of Hamelin on June 26, 1284, Browning used the date July 22, 1376, for rhyming purposes.
Have you ever wondered what things would look like in Hamelin from the rats' point of view? Read aloud The Amazing Maurice and His Educated Rodents by Terry Pratchett, winner of the 2001 Carnegie Medal. The synopsis of the book included in this resource guide shows why librarians in the United Kingdom named this book the "outstanding book for children and young people" published in 2001.
After sharing this book with students, have them compare Pratchett's version with Browning's version. After discussing how perspective changes the story, you can have students look at other fairy tale retellings such as Jon Scieszka's The True Story of the Three Little Pigs.
The Indiana University Libraries site includes an electronic version of the 1888 edition of Browning's poem with scanned images of the illustrations by Kate Greenaway.
For background information on Browning, visit the Academy of American Poets site. This site also features some of his poems, including "The Pied Piper of Hamelin."
This page from the University of Pittsburgh offers several versions of the Pied Piper tale, including the Brothers Grimm version and Browning's version.