Music helps children develop rhythmic intelligence and notice rhythm in language, which are important skills in learning how to read and developing fluency as readers. In this lesson, students listen to poems read aloud, and they discuss the rhythm and sound of poetry. Students then perform poems using musical instruments to emphasize cadence. Using online tools, they learn about line breaks and the way these affect the rhythm of a poem. Finally, students write poems they believe will be enhanced by music and perform them for the class.
Line Break Explorer: Students can use this interactive to discover why a poet chose to break lines in certain places.
- Music exposes children to rhyme, rhythm, and repetition, which are the some of the same skills needed to learn to read.
- Because poetry has cadence, rhythm, and rhyme, music may be used to complement it.
- Music may benefit children with learning difficulties.
- The language of music is understood by all cultures. All cultures use music to communicate, and the sounds and rhythms of music cross cultural boundaries.
This resource has been aligned to the Common Core State Standards for states in which they have been adopted. If a state does not appear in the drop-down, CCSS alignments are forthcoming.
This lesson has been aligned to standards in the following states. If a state does not appear in the drop-down, standard alignments are not currently available for that state.
NCTE/IRA National Standards for the English Language Arts
1. Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works.
3. Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).
4. Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.
5. Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes.
6. Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts.
12. Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information).
- Acquire knowledge and appreciation for beat and meter in poetry by listening to poems that are read aloud and discussing them as a class
- Learn about the structure of poetry using an online tool to explore line breaks
- Practice critical thinking by looking for poems that can be appropriately performed using musical instruments to emphasize rhythm
- Apply the knowledge they have acquired about rhythm in poetry to their own poetry compositions
- Demonstrate an understanding of the role of music in enhancing the rhythm in poetry by using music to perform both their own poems and those written by others
|Read aloud two or three poems to the class. As you finish each one, encourage discussion using questions such as the following:
- What do you see in your mind when you listen to this poem?
- What kind of sounds do you hear?
- Can you hear a beat in the words of the poem? (You might read a line from the poem and tap your hand on your leg to the rhythm of the words to show students what you mean here.)
- Why do you think the poet wrote the poem this way?
|When you finish reading the poems, ask students to compare them using questions such as the following:
- How are these poems the same? How are they different?
- Which poems have the strongest rhythm? How can you tell?
- Which is your favorite poem? Why?
|Choose a student to demonstrate the main beat by clapping his or her hands while you read a poem with a strong rhythm. Have the rest of the students join in by clapping their hands or tapping their feet. Tell students that they should not clap so loudly that their clapping drowns out the words.
|Ask students the question, "What else could you use besides your hands to keep the beat?" List different kinds of rhythm instruments on the board.
|Demonstrate using different voices to read one of the students' favorite poems. Ask students the following questions:
- Which ways of reading this poem do you like best? (Tell students that no one answer is right or wrong and that they might not all agree.)
- How is tone or volume of voice used to express feeling? How does a loud voice make you feel? How does a crabby voice sound?
- Would any of the poems sound better if they were sung, or if perhaps one word or phrase were sung instead of read?
Note: In between Sessions 1 and 2, choose one of the poems students especially liked and make copies for the entire class.
|Distribute copies of the poem from Session 1 and the rhythm instruments you made or borrowed. Divide the class into groups of two to four students and have them plan how to read the poem using musical instruments and different sounding voices.
|Give students time to practice. Then have them read and perform their poems for the class.
|Have students search for poems in print or online that they think will read well with the help of music. Demonstrate how to look for poems on Giggle Poetry and Poetry for Kids and give them the opportunity to look at the various anthologies you have collected.
|Once each student has found and printed or copied a poem that he or she would like to read using music, allow time for experimentation with different rhythm instruments and different sounding voices.
|Have students take turns helping each other read and perform their poems for the class.
|Display the Line Break Explorer on an LCD screen as a whole-class demonstration or allow students to work in pairs at individual computers. Encourage students to answer the questions asked as the tool is used and focus students' attention on how different patterns of line breaks make a difference in how a poem is read.
|If students are working in pairs, ask them to print the poems they have modified using the tool and have a few volunteers read them aloud to the class.
|Discuss what students have discovered about line breaks in poems. Questions for discussion include:
- What difference does it make where lines in a poem break?
- How do line breaks affect the rhythm of a poem?
- Do different line breaks make different meanings and sounds?
|Have students write their own poems. If they have trouble thinking of an idea, provide a list of suitable topics, such as holidays, sports, recess, and friendship.
|Once students have written a first draft, ask them to arrange the words in different ways. Tell them they want to find the most pleasing pattern and rhythm.
|Have students share their revised poems in pairs, telling them to give each other feedback on the rhythm and pattern of their poems.
|Have students determine how to accompany the poems they wrote in Session 5 using instruments and voices. If you have a CD player available in your classroom, you might also allow them to choose music to accompany their poems.
|Give students time to practice performing their poems in small groups. Then have students share their poems with the class.
- Read lyrics of popular children's songs. Discuss what the lyrics mean and how the music enhances the lyrics.
- Work with music teachers to help students record their poem rhythms.
- Ask students who play instruments to bring them to school and accompany poetry readings.
Student Assessment / Reflections
- Observe students during whole-class discussion and while they work using the Line Break Explorer. Assess student participation and understanding of the topics being discussed.
- Take anecdotal notes while students perform poems. Assess how well they are able to choose poems with patterns or rhythms and share rhythmic poems in a variety of ways.
- Collect student poems and assess student ability to write poems that are compatible with music.